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Intrusion Prevention System

IPS, Intrusion Prevention System, is designed to monitor various network attacks in real time and take appropriate actions (like block) against the attacks according to your configuration.

The IPS can implement a complete state-based detection which significantly reduces the false positive rate. Even if the device is enabled with multiple application layer detections, enabling IPS will not cause any noticeable performance degradation. Besides, StoneOS will update the signature database automatically everyday to assure its integrity and accuracy.

  • IPS will support IPv6 address if the IPv6 function is enabled.
  • By integrating with the SSL proxy function, IPS can monitor the HTTPS traffic.

The protocol detection procedure of IPS consists of two stages: signature matching and protocol parse.

  • Signature matching: IPS abstracts the interested protocol elements of the traffic for signature matching. If the elements are matched to the items in the signature database, system will process the traffic according to the action configuration. This part of detection is configured in the Select Signature section.
  • Protocol parse: IPS analyzes the protocol part of the traffic. If the analysis results show the protocol part containing abnormal contents, system will process the traffic according to the action configuration. This part of detection is configured in the Protocol Configuration section.
  Intrusion Prevention System is controlled by a license. To use Threat protection, apply and install the Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) license.

Signatures

The IPS signatures are categorized by protocols, and identified by a unique signature ID. The signature ID consists of two parts: protocol ID (1st bit or 1st and 2nd bit) and attacking signature ID (the last 5 bits). For example, in ID 605001, "6" identifies a Telnet protocol, and "00120" is the attacking signature ID. The 1st bit in the signature ID identifies protocol anomaly signatures, while the others identify attacking signatures. The mappings between IDs and protocols are shown in the table below:

ID Protocol ID Protocol ID Protocol ID Protocol
1 DNS 7 Other-TCP 13 TFTP 19 NetBIOS
2 FTP 8 Other-UDP 14 SNMP 20 DHCP
3 HTTP 9 IMAP 15 MySQL 21 LDAP
4 POP3 10 Finger 16 MSSQL 22 VoIP
5 SMTP 11 SUNRPC 17 Oracle - -
6 Telnet 12 NNTP 18 MSRPC - -

In the above table, Other-TCP identifies all the TCP protocols other than the standard TCP protocols listed in the table, and Other-UDP identifies all the UDP protocols other than the standard UDP protocols listed in the table.