System might allow packets between some interfaces to be forwarded in Layer 2 (known as transparent mode), and packets between some interfaces to be forwarded in Layer 3 (known as routing mode), specifically depending on the actual requirement. To facilitate a flexible configuration of hybrid mode of Layer 2 and Layer3, system introduces the concept of Virtual Switch (VSwitch). By default system uses a VSwitch known as VSwitch1. Each time you create a VSwitch, system will create a corresponding VSwitch interface (VSwitchIF) for the VSwitch automatically. You can bind an interface to a VSwitch by binding that interface to a security zone, and then binding the security zone to the VSwitch.
A VSwitch acts as a Layer 2 forwarding zone, and each VSwitch has its own independent MAC address table, so the packets of different interfaces in one VSwitch will be forwarded according to Layer 2 forwarding rules. You can configure policy rules conveniently in a VSwitch. A VSwitchIF virtually acts as a switch uplink interface, allowing packets forwarding between Layer 2 and Layer 3.
Creating a VSwitch
To create a VSwitch, take the following steps:
- Select Network > VSwitch.
- Click New.
Options are described as follows.
Option Description VSwitch Name Specifies a name for the VSwitch. Vsys Shared Click the Enable button and then system will share the VSwitch with different VSYS. Virtual-Wire Mode Specifies a Virtual-Wire mode for the VSwitch, including (for specific information on Virtual Wire, see Virtual Wire)
- Strict - Packets can only be transmitted between Virtual Wire interfaces, and the VSwitch cannot operate in Hybrid mode. Any PC connected to Virtual Wire can neither manage devices nor access Internet over this interface.
- Non-strict - Packets can be transmitted between Virtual Wire interfaces, and the VSwitch also supports data forwarding in Hybrid mode. That is, this mode only restricts Layer 2 packets' transmission between Virtual Wire interfaces, and does not affect Layer 3 packets' forwarding.
- Disabled - Disables Virtual Wire.
IGMP Snooping Enables IGMP snooping on the VSwitch. Forward Tagged Packets Enables VLAN transparent so that the device can transmit VLAN tagged packets transparently, i.e., packets tagged with VLAN ID will still keep the original ID after passing through the device. Forward Double Tagged Packets Enables VLAN transparent so that the device can transmit VLAN double tagged packets transparently, i.e., packets tagged with VLAN ID will still keep the original ID after passing through the device. Drop Unknown Multicast Packets Drops the packets sent to unknown multicast to save bandwidth.
- Click OK.